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    The molecule of the day is: AZT

    AZT has saved many AIDS patients. When used in a cocktail of anti-viral agents, it is highly effective against HIV, human immuno-deficiency virus. As shown at right, it has a remarkable structure, with a long straight nitrogen side chain, which is thought to assist its transition through cell membranes and other tissues, so that it can permeate deeply into the infected areas. It is a reverse transcriptase inhibitor, which is apparent from its thymidine-like structure, and which means that it can interfere with the life cycle of the virus by blocking the generation of viral DNA. AZT is truly an amazing molecule. It does have many unhealtful side effects, but it is effective against a devasting disease, which was at one time mostly fatal, although I think that it indicates the caution with which we should approach nucleic acid analogs in general, which includes such commonplace molecules as caffeine.

    AZT related molecules gallery and structural archive

    other names: 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine 30516-87-1 AZT C07210 Zidovudine


    related molecule names:
    1-(3-Azido-2,3-dideoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-5-methylpyrimidine-2,4-(1H,3H)-dion e 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine 30516-87-1 399024-19-2 AZT Azidothymidine BW A509U BW-A 509U CCRIS 105 Combivir Compound S DRG-0004 HSDB 6515 NSC 602670 Retrovir Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- Trizivir ZDV ZIDOVUDINE Zidovudina [Spanish] Zidovudine [USAN:BAN:INN:JAN] Zidovudinum [Latin] 1-(3'-Azido-2',3'-dideoxy-beta-D-xylofuranosyl)thymine 5'-triphosphate 3'-Azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine 5'-triphosphate 3'-Deoxy-3'-azidothymidine triphosphate 92586-35-1 AZT triphosphate Azt-TP Dttp(3'N3) Erythro-azt-TP Threo-azt-TP Thymidine 5'-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate), 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- (S)-2-({1-[3-Azido-5-(5-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-yl)-tetrahyd ro-furan-2-ylmethoxycarbonyl]-methanoyl}-amino)-4-methyl-pentanoic acid AIDS-122346 AIDS122346 AZT ANALOGS AZT-Leu (2S,3S)-2-({1-[3-Azido-5-(5-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-yl)-tetr ahydro-furan-2-ylmethoxycarbonyl]-methanoyl}-amino)-3-methyl-pentanoic acid AIDS-122347 AIDS122347 AZT ANALOGS AZT-iLeu (S)-2-({1-[3-Azido-5-(5-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-yl)-tetrahyd ro-furan-2-ylmethoxycarbonyl]-methanoyl}-amino)-3-methyl-butyric acid AIDS-122348 AIDS122348 AZT ANALOGS AZT-Val AIDS-122349 AIDS122349 AZT ANALOGS AZT-Ac Oxalic acid mono-[3-azido-5-(5-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-yl)-tetrahydro-fu ran-2-ylmethyl] ester 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine 3'-Azidothymidine 3'-Deoxy-3'-azidothymidine 30516-87-1 AZT Azidothymidine Azitidin BW-A 509U NSC602670 Retrovir Thymidine,3'-azido-3'-deoxy- Timazid ZDV Zidovudine 30516-87-1 AIDS-000001 AIDS000001 AZT Azidothymidine BW A509U NSC602670 Retrovir Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- ZDV Zidovudine 116333-41-6 5'-[(1,4-Dihydro-1-methyl-3-pyridinylcarbonyl)oxy]-3'-azido-2',3'-deoxythymidine AIDS-000044 AIDS000044 AZT Prodrug AZT-DHP DP-AZT HPAZT Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy-, 5'-(1,4-dihydro-1-methyl-3-pyridinecarboxylate) 116333-42-7 (IODIDE SALT) 5'-(1-Methyl-3-pyridiniumcarbonyl)-3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine AIDS-000045 AIDS000045 AZT Nicotinate methiodide AZT-DHP (*Quaternary salt*) AZT-DHP QS Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy-, 5'-ester with 3-carboxy-1-methylpyridinium iodide 116333-43-8 3-Nicotinyl-AZT 5'-(3-Pyridinylcarbonyl)-3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine AIDS-000046 AIDS000046 AZT Nicotinate 1-(3'-Azido-2',3'-dideoxy-.beta.-D-threo-pentofuranosyl)thymine 2,4(1H,3H)-Pyrimidinedione, 1-(3-azido-2,3-dideoxy-.beta.-D-threo-pentofuranosyl)-5-methyl- 73971-82-1 AIDS-000364 AIDS000364 AZT (threo) AzddXyloT NSC602670 AIDS-000433 AIDS000433 Foscarnet & AZT PFA & AZT Phosphinecarboxylic acid, dihydroxy-, oxide & Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- Phosphonoformate & 3'-Azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Castanospermine AIDS-000448 AIDS000448 AZT & Castanospermine CAS & AZT AIDS-000469 AIDS000469 AZT & Probenecid AIDS-000592 AIDS000592 Beta interferon(rIFN-beta seron) & 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine(AZT) rIFN-beta seron & AZT 3'-Azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine & sCD4(soluble recombinant protein) AIDS-000596 AIDS000596 AZT & rsT4 AZT & sCD4 AZT & srCD4 .alpha.-D-Tocopherol acid succinate & AZT AIDS-000670 AIDS000670 ATS & AZT Butanedioic acid, mono[(2R)-3,4-dihydro-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2-[(4R,8R)-4,8,12-trimethyltridecyl]-2 H-1-benzopyran-6-yl] ester & AZT 127530-13-6 2,4(1H,3H)-Pyrimidinedione, 1-[4-azido-2-fluoro-3-(hydroxymethyl)cyclopentyl]-5-methyl-, (1a,2b,3a,4b)- 6'-.alpha.-Fluorocarbocyclic AZT AIDS-000679 AIDS000679 F-carbocyclic-AZT 126777-37-5 2,2',2'',2'''-[(4,8-Di-1-piperidinylpyrimido[5,4-d]pyrimidine-2,6-diyl)dinitrilo ]tetrakis-ethanol & 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine AIDS-000718 AIDS000718 DPM & AZT Dipyridamole & AZT Persantin & AZT Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- & 2,2',2'',2'''-[(4,8-di-1-piperidinylpyrimido[5,4-d]pyrimidine-2,6-diyl)dinitrilo ]tetrakis[ethanol] 1,2-Dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-5'-(3'-azido-3'-deoxy)thymidine 128008-46-8 5'-Thymidylic acid, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy-, mono[2,3-bis[(1-oxotetradecyl)oxy]propyl] ester, (R)- AIDS-000727 AIDS000727 Dimyristoylphosphatidyl AZT (liposomal formulation) Phosphatidyl AZT Phosphatidylazidothymidine pAZT 128028-70-6 AIDS-000728 AIDS000728 AZT Diphosphate dipalmitoylglycerol (liposomal formulation) AZTdpdg Thymidine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate), 3'-azido-3'-deoxy-, P'-[2,3-bis[(1-oxohexadecyl)oxy]propyl] ester, (R)- 125780-97-4 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine-retinoic acid ester AIDS-000743 AIDS000743 AZT Prodrug Retinoic acid analog Retinoyl-AZT .alpha.-D-Glucopyranosiduronic acid, (3b,20b)-20-carboxy-11-oxo-30-norolean-12-en-3-yl 2-O-b-D-glucopyranuronosyl- & Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- 30-Noroleanane & AZT AIDS-000756 AIDS000756 Glycyrrhizin & 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine Glycyrrhizin & AZT Potenlini & AZT 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Dextran sulfate AIDS-000758 AIDS000758 AZT & Dextran sulfate (DS) 3'- Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor AIDS-000759 AIDS000759 AZT & Colony-stimulating factor 2 AZT & GM-CSF 3'-Azido-3'deoxythymidine & Interferon .alpha. AIDS-000760 AIDS000760 AZT & IFN.alpha. 1-.beta.-D-Ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazolo-3-carboxamide(Ribavirin) & 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine(AZT) 1-.beta.-D-Ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazolo-3-carboxamide(Ribavirin) & Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- AIDS-000762 AIDS000762 Ribavirin & AZT Ribavirin & ZDV 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & Ansamycin AIDS-000766 AIDS000766 AZT & Ansamycin Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- & Spiro[9,4-(epoxypentadeca[1,11,13]trienimino)-2H-furo[2',3':7,8]naphth[1,2-d]imi dazole-2,4'-piperidine]-5,10,26(3H,9H)-trione, 16-(acetyloxy)-6,18,20-trihydroxy-14-methoxy-7,9,15,17,19,21,25-heptamethyl-1'-( 2-methylpropyl)-, (9S,12E,14S,15R,16S,17R,18R,19R,20S,21S,22E,24Z)- 2-Amino-1,9-dihydro-9-[(2-hydroxy-ethoxy)methyl]-6H-purin-6-one & 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine 6H-Purin-6-one, 2-amino-1,9-dihydro-9-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]- & Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- ACV & AZT AIDS-000767 AIDS000767 2',3'-Dideoxycytidine & 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine AIDS-000768 AIDS000768 Cytidine, 2',3'-dideoxy- & Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- ZDV & ddC ddC & AZT AIDS-000769 AIDS000769 Inosine & AZT & Isoprinosine Inosine-Pranobex Inpx Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- & Benzoic acid, 4-(acetylamino)- with 2-Propanol, 1-(dimethylamino)- (1:3) 1,4-Benzenediol, 2-[[(1R,2S,4aS,8aS)-1,2,3,4,4a,7,8,8a-octahydro-1,2,4a,5-tetramethyl-1-naphthale nyl]methyl]- & Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- 1,4-Benzenediol,2-[(1,2,3,4,4a,7,8,8a-octahydro-1,2,4a,5-tetramethyl-1-naphthale nyl)methyl]-,[1R-(1.alpha.,2.beta.,4a.beta.,8a.alpha.)]- & 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine AIDS-000770 AIDS000770 Avarol & AZT 1-.beta.-D-Ribofuranosyluracil & Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- AIDS-000771 AIDS000771 Uridine & 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine Uridine & AZT 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & 9-(1,3-Dihydroxy-2-propoxymethyl)guanine AIDS-000772 AIDS000772 AZT & DHPG AZT & Ganciclovir Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- & Guanine, 9-((2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)ethoxy)methyl)- 5'-IIIIIIIIIIIII-3' and 3'-CCCCCCCCCCCCU-5' AIDS-000776 AIDS000776 Ampligen & 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine Ampligen & AZT Ampligen & Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine AIDS-000777 AIDS000777 AZT & PMEA Adefovir & AZT Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- & Phosphonic acid, [[2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)ethoxy]methyl]- 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & 6-Thiodeazaguanine 52605-85-3 AIDS-000782 AIDS000782 AZT & 6-Thiodeazaguanine Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- & 4H-Imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-thione, 6-amino-1,5-dihydro- 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine & N-Butyl-deoxynojirimycin AIDS-000784 AIDS000784 AZT & N-Butyl-DNJ Thymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy- & 3,4,5-Piperidinetriol, 1-butyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)-, (2R,3R,4R,5S)-

    pdb file:9029.pdb
    CAS: 30516-87-1

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    updated Wed Sep 17 23:56:32 EDT 2008

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    If you would find it useful, I am definitely interested in taking requests for molecule galleries. Just send me the name of your favorite molecule. As you may be able to tell, we have access for galleries to about 1% or 0.5 million structures, in the total archive thus far, but it is already quite useful. The automated jobs are underway to fill in the rest. The next milestone is the capability to index and make galleries for the remaining millions of molecules for which we have pdb files already, which would be 5-10% complete. Any comments or suggestions are also welcome.

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    updated Tue Aug 19 19:45:09 EDT 2008

    Some facts: The Molecules website contains more than 4 million small molecule structure files in pdb format, and molecular graphics representations. About 50 million molecules are still in the pipe, and they are expected to appear here over the course of the next few weeks and months. The pdb format is readable by common FOSS molecule viewer software, such as RasMol and PyMOL. In due course, we plan to provide high quality structures via energy minimization refinement, and additional resources. is founded in the spirit of free software, open source, and public access. It is hoped that access to these files will be a wonderful community resource for science education, research, and entertainment as well. We are looking for investment, funding, or sponsorship in order to expedite and expand this work, and lead the field, with an eye towards an advanced, complete, synthetic, structural, and informatical bioorganome. Meanwhile, the site is already an exceptional lab resource, and molecular catalog, providing the means and building blocks towards additional novel structures. We aim to be the best.

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